Physiotherapy is a profession of health sciences, characterized by seeking the appropriate development of the functions that produce the body’s systems, where his good or malfunction, affects the kinetics or human body movement. It intervenes when human beings have lost or are at risk of losing or altering temporarily or permanently proper movement and thereby form the physical functions by using scientifically proven techniques. The professional in this area receives the title of Doctor or Physiotherapist.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines in 1958 to physiotherapy as “the science of treatment through:. Physical means, therapeutic exercise, massage therapy and electrotherapy addition, Physiotherapy includes the execution of electrical tests and manuals to determine the value of affectation and muscular strength tests to determine functional capabilities, the joint range of motion and vital capacity measures as well as diagnostic aids for control of evolution. ”
For its part, the World Conference for Physical Therapy (WCPT) in 1967 defines Physiotherapy from two points of view:
- From the relational or external appearance, as “one of the mainstays of therapy, of which provides medicine to cure, prevent and retrain patients; these pillars consist of pharmacology, surgery, psychotherapy and physiotherapy “
- From the substantial or internal aspect, like “Art and Science of physical treatment, ie, the set of techniques by applying physical agents cure, prevent, recover and readjust to susceptible patients receiving physical therapy”
Physiotherapy is a free, independent and autonomous profession.
- Traumatology: sprains, fractures, contractures,
- Sports medicine: recovery of athletes, training, fitness,
- Rheumatology: osteoarthritis, arthritis,
- Neurology and Thoracic Surgery: bronchitis, asthma, cardiac interventions,
- plastic surgery: liposuction, nasal septum interventions …
- General surgery: preoperative and postoperative.
- Neurology: cerebral palsy, hemispheric, degenerative diseases of the nervous system,
- Obstetrics: childbirth preparation, postpartum reeducation, urinary incontinence,
- Geriatrics: Muscular degenerative diseases, prolonged immobilization,